1. The immigration of Europeans helped to fill the land and to make Argentina one of the world's granaries. La Argentina ("the silvery"), a 17th-century truncation of Tierra Argentina ("Land beside the Silvery River", lit. The Land Latin America covers 8 mil sq. 3. Argentina, officially the Argentine Republic, is a country located mostly in the southern half of South America. Argentina Facts | Geography. Gold and silver pesos replaced the real towards the end of the 19th century. Peru has historically been one of the world’s main silver exporters, primarily from mines extending from Cerro de Pasco to Huancayo in the Andes, but production has decreased since the early 1970s. Hundreds of National Guard troops were posted in the streets of Washington, D.C., on Wednesday afternoon, but there was little they could do to respond as … Its capital and largest city is Buenos Aires, and Spanish is its national language.Its official currency is Peso ($) (ARS). Unfortunately, Spanish explorers were disappointed to find that the land was not full of riches, after all. Ecuadorean silver is located primarily in the Andes, while Colombia, Argentina , and Bolivia also exploit this metal in their highland areas. The classic beginner's mistake in Argentina is to neglect the first steak of the day. Argentina covers about one third as much land area compared with the size of the USA. Last updated on April 13th, 2019. Argentina's major industries include chemical and petrochemical, food production, leather, and textiles. 04.13.2006 Argentina On Two Steaks A Day. His delight in native ornaments may be responsible for the names Río de la Plata [silver river] and Argentina [of silver]. 9. [10] Argentina is said to possess the highest infidelity rate in all of South America. The name “Latin America” refers to the languages spoken in … In the early 19th century, Argentina used Spanish coins called real. You will be tempted to just peck at it or even skip it altogether, rationalizing that you need to save yourself for the much larger steak later that night. In the north, Argentina borders Bolivia, Paraguay and Brazil. The original European settlers believed the country was full of silver, and a legend existed about a mountain made of silver in Argentina that reached Spain in 1524. The name “Argentina” comes from the Latin word for silver, argentum. To the east of Argentina is the Atlantic Ocean and in the north east there is also the border to Uruguay. The currency of Argentina has evolved over the centuries. Why is it called Latin America? Today, one of the most important sectors of Argentina's economy is its industry and approximately one-quarter of the country's workers are employed in manufacturing. Its five bordering countries are Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Uruguay. ... by Gen. Justo José de Urquiza, who called a constituent assembly at Santa Fe. To the west are the Andes which form a natural border with Chile. Argentina - Argentina - Sports and recreation: Argentina’s worldwide preeminence on the polo field reflects the nation’s divided social base, the hardiness of its horses, and the skills of its riders. "Silvery Land"), named via poetic Spanish argento in reference to the Río de la Plata ("Silver River"; Latin : Argenteus ), so called by Sebastian Cabot during his expedition there in the 1520s after acquiring some silver … Even the country itself was named after silver, with argentum being the Latin word for silver. It has an area of 2,780,400 square km. Last year saw its silver production increase by 17.6%. Argentina is the eighth largest country in the world and the second largest in South America. Economics, Industry and Land Use in Argentina . With silver production at 1,200 metric tons in 2019, Argentina ties with Bolivia for the crowded ninth-spot on this list. 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