In 55 BC Julius Caesar invaded, claiming that the Britons had aided the Veneti against him the previous year. Most other languages tend towards variants of the French and English forms, but notably Welsh has "Môr Udd". However, there are also a number of minority languages that are or were found on the shores and islands of the English Channel, which are listed here, with the Channel's name in the specific language following them. English Channel location on the Europe map. As a busy shipping lane, the Channel experiences environmental problems following accidents involving ships with toxic cargo and oil spills. The channel covers around 560 km (350 mi) length and the range of width is from 240 km (150 mi) to 34 km (21 mi) in the Strait of Dover. It was called Oceanus Britannicus by the 2nd-century geographer Ptolemy. It's approximately 350 miles long, and at its narrowest in the Strait of Dover. Then, between 450,000 and 180,000 years ago, at least two catastrophic glacial lake outburst floods breached the Weald–Artois anticline. With the rise of William the Conqueror the North Sea and Channel began to lose some of their importance. [citation needed] The number of ratified swims to 2004 was 948 by 675 people (456 men, 214 women) and there have also been 16 two-way crossings (9 by men and 7 by women). Currently voted the best answer. A German attack on these vessels resulted in the Battle of Dover Strait in 1917. It was piloted by a Franco-Italian pilot Bruno Vezzoli. [citation needed]. [15][16] The flood started with large but localized waterfalls over the ridge, which excavated depressions now known as the Fosses Dangeard. [55] The village of Kingsand was evacuated for three days because of the risk of explosion, and the ship was stranded for 11 days. 1025x747 / 130 Kb Go to Map. It reaches a maximum depth of 180 m (590 ft) in the submerged valley of Hurd's Deep, 48 km (30 mi) west-northwest of Guernsey. The board was powered by a kerosene-filled backpack. The sport of Channel swimming traces its origins to the latter part of the 19th century when Captain Matthew Webb made the first observed and unassisted swim across the Strait of Dover, swimming from England to France on 24–25 August 1875 in 21 hours 45 minutes. The deep blue between Calais and Dover is where there was probably a great waterfall caused by a lake bursting its banks. He was more successful in 54 BC, but Britain was not fully established as part of the Roman Empire until completion of the invasion by Aulus Plautius in 43 AD. In February 1684, ice formed on the sea in a belt 4.8 km (3.0 mi) wide off the coast of Kent and 3.2 km (2.0 mi) wide on the French side. It is 31 miles (50 km) long and consists of three tunnels: two for rail traffic and a central tunnel for services and security. Marine GPS systems allow ships to be preprogrammed to follow navigational channels accurately and automatically, further avoiding risk of running aground, but following the fatal collision between Dutch Aquamarine and Ash in October 2001, Britain's Marine Accident Investigation Branch (MAIB) issued a safety bulletin saying it believed that in these most unusual circumstances GPS use had actually contributed to the collision. Learn more about the Channel Tunnel, including its history. For other uses, see, This article is about the body of water. On land, the German army attempted to capture French Channel ports in the Race to the Sea but although the trenches are often said to have stretched "from the frontier of Switzerland to the English Channel", they reached the coast at the North Sea. Brittany was founded by Britons who fled Cornwall and Devon after Anglo-Saxon encroachment. It terminates abruptly at the western end. The descendants of Rollo and his followers adopted the local Gallo-Romance language and intermarried with the area's inhabitants and became the Normans – a Norman French-speaking mixture of Scandinavians, Hiberno-Norse, Orcadians, Anglo-Danish, and indigenous Franks and Gauls. This traffic continued until the end of Roman rule in Britain in 410 AD, after which the early Anglo-Saxons left less clear historical records. [17][18][19] Through the scoured channel passed a river, which drained the combined Rhine and Thames westwards to the Atlantic. As part of a publicity stunt, the journey was undertaken to demonstrate how the Bull Boats of the Mandan Indians of North Dakota could have been copied from Welsh coracles introduced by Prince Madog in the 12th century. The Channel Tunnel, completed in 1994 and officially opened on May 6 of that year, is considered one of the most amazing engineering feats of the 20th century. 14.The Channel is one of the busiest shipping lanes in the world, with 600 tankers and 200 ferries passing through every day. At its shortest and shallowest part, the English Channel is 45 meters deep and 20.7 miles wide. For nearly a thousand years, the Channel also provided a link between the Modern Celtic regions and languages of Cornwall and Brittany. The channel has been shaped by the effect upon its rock strata (with their varying degrees of … After multiple episodes of changing sea level, during which the Fosses Dangeard were largely infilled by various layers of sediment, another catastrophic flood carved a large bedrock-floored valley, the Lobourg Channel, some 500 m wide and 25 m deep, from the southern North Sea basin through the centre of the Straits of Dover and into the English Channel. [70], In 1974 a Welsh coracle piloted by Bernard Thomas of Llechryd crossed the English Channel to France in 13½ hours. First submarine cable for telegraph across the Channel in September laid from, First radio transmission across the Channel (from, This page was last edited on 22 January 2021, at 22:16. We and our partners will store and/or access information on your device through the use of cookies and similar technologies, to display personalised ads and content, for ad and content measurement, audience insights and product development. Channel naval battles include the Battle of the Downs (1639), Battle of Goodwin Sands (1652), the Battle of Portland (1653), the Battle of La Hougue (1692) and the engagement between USS Kearsarge and CSS Alabama (1864). An annual cross-channel ski race was run from the Varne Boat Club from the 1960s onwards. The Channel acts as a funnel that amplifies the tidal range from less than a metre as observed at sea[clarification needed] to more than 6 metres as observed in the Channel Islands, the west coast of the Cotentin Peninsula and the north coast of Brittany. The trenches very often are only a few kilometers in length. The first flood would have lasted for several months, releasing as much as one million cubic metres of water per second. It has extremely strong currents and tides of around 8 meters between high and low tide points. A failed attempt to cross the Channel by two Syrian refugees in October 2014 came to light when their bodies were discovered on the shores of the North Sea in Norway and the Netherlands. The steamer was purchased subsequently by the French postal administration and renamed Henri IV and put into regular passenger service a year later. [45][46] The Royal Navy blockaded the islands from time to time, particularly following the liberation of mainland Normandy in 1944. There was no loss of life. "Margery" in March 1816, one of the earliest seagoing voyages by steam ship. [citation needed], The team with the most number of Channel swims to its credit is the Serpentine Swimming Club in London,[78] followed by the international Sri Chinmoy Marathon Team. Successful invasions include the Roman conquest of Britain and the Norman Conquest in 1066, while the concentration of excellent harbours in the Western Channel on Britain's south coast made possible the largest amphibious invasion in history, the Normandy Landings in 1944. In 1346–1360 and again in 1415–1450 14.the Channel is the busiest stretch of water per second it... Has 6 votes 75,000 sq km ) la Manche has been used since at least the 17th century Channel. 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