Ecclesiastes 4. Ecclesiastes 10:4 - If the ruler's temper rises against you, do not abandon your position, because composure allays great offenses. In all things union tends to success and safety, but above all, the union of Christians. 4:13; 9:15[twice],16) and means "a poor man." Ecclesiastes Ecclesiastes 5 Summary Commentary. For if they fall, one will lift up his companion. (Verse 7,8.) Others, seeing the vexations of an active course, foolishly expect more satisfaction in sloth and idleness. Ecclesiastes 4:6 Better is an handful with quietness, than both the hands full with travail and vexation of spirit. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. (4-6) The folly of covetousness. 10 For if they fall, one will lift up his fellow. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. A selfish man cares for nobody; there is none to take care of but himself, yet he will scarcely allow necessary rest to himself, and the people he employs. Outline of Ecclesiastes 4 Miseries from oppression. A profane sentiment if severed from its connection; but just in its bearing on Solomon's scope. (Verse 13-16.) b. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. But a good man, though badly off while in this world, cannot have cause to wish he had never been born, since he is glorifying the Lord, even in the fires, and will be happy at last, for ever happy. Chapter 4. 1856. f. A threefold cord is not quickly broken: The Preacher gives a fascinating final line to this section dealing with the goodness of companionship. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. Peshitta, Targum, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book to King Solomon. Recognize the superiority but ultimate vanity of wisdom. The היא refers to this exertion of vigorous effort and skill. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. They often become great and prosperous, but this excites envy and opposition. So, realize the awful reality of oppression and yet don’t be surprised at its existence. Yet it is possible that, in the context of marriage and family, Solomon had children in mind with the picture of a threefold cord. (13-16)1-3 It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. (Verses 4-6), tell us that the enviable workaholic (verse 4), nor the lazy fool (verse 5), receives fulfillment in life; working to have enough to get by with is better than either extreme (verse 6). Better a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king who will be admonished no more: The Preacher begins this section with a proverb, observing that it is better to be poor and wise (and young!) Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary is one of the most respected interdenominational commentaries ever written. Alas, and how often do we see men professing to be followers of Him, who, "though he was rich, for our sakes became poor," anxiously scraping money together and holding it fast, excusing themselves by common-place talking about the necessity of care, and the danger of extravagance! Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. 23:21-23 and Judges 11:35). 5 The fool folds his hands [together] and consumes his own flesh [destroying himself by idleness and apathy]. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. II. Ecclesiastes 4 commentary 1. (7,8) The advantages of mutual assistance. ... Summary of Ecclesiastes 4-5. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 English Standard Version (ESV). Eccl. Princes see themselves slighted by those they have studied to oblige; this is vanity and vexation of spirit. Yet those who come afterward will not rejoice in him. of i. They assist each other by encouragement, or friendly reproof. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Bible Study … Moderate pains and gains do best. i. “The strength of the three-ply cord was proverbial in the ancient world.” (Eaton). Selfishness is the cause of this evil. Ecclesiastes 4:4. (7,8) The advantages of mutual assistance. If God is not placed first in every liaison that we human beings make (marriage, friendship, or church fellowship) the relationship will be short lived. (Verse 9-12.) Wherever we turn, we see melancholy proofs of the wickedness and misery of mankind, who try to create trouble to themselves and to each other. Ecclesiastes 4:1-16—Read the Bible online or download free. (4) Compare Ecclesiastes 7:20, Ecclesiastes 7:29 and Ecclesiastes 12:14. Safety and security (two can withstand). and has no one to help them up. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. ecclesiastes 4 commentary Hard work and success are good and not to be envied. (Read all of Ecclesiastes 4) Verse 1 [1] So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter. no comforter--twice said to express continued suffering without any to give comfort ( Isaiah 53:7). They often become great and prosperous, but this generates envy and opposition. … This is no new thing. Ecclesiastes 4 is the fourth chapter of the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Hebrew Bible or the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. Show content in: English Both Hebrew. power--MAURER, not so well, "violence." The folly of covetousness. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament "And I saw all the labour and all the skill of business, that it is an envious surpassing of the one by the other: also this is vain and windy effort." Ecclesiastes 4:1-16. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 (God-Centred Marriage) GOD-CENTRED MARRIAGE (Ecclesiastes 4:9-12): “Two are better than one, because they have a good return for their work (the investment they put into their relationship): (1) If one falls down, his friend can help him up. Click on the different category headings to find out more. (9-12) the changes of royalty. 2. Let us by honest industry lay hold on the handful, that we may not want necessaries, but not grasp at both hands full, which would only create vexation of spirit. 12 And though a man might prevail against one who … But woe to him who is alone when he falls and has not another to lift him up! If human and worldly things were our chief good, not to exist would be preferable to life, considering the various oppressions here below. Ecclesiastes 4:9-12 gives the impression that Solomon's experiences regarding the man who remained alone in his labors motivated him to think of the importance of friendship and the value of doing things within a partnership: Two are better than one, because they have a good reward for their labor. David A. Hubbard — Ecclesiastes, Song of Solomon (The Preacher’s Commentary, 2002). You can also change some of your preferences. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. Rather, ... (4-7) The unending cycle of creation. Oppressions increase vanity:(In verses 1-3), the author considers the thought that oppression is so great in the world that the oppressed would actually be better off dead, thus rending death more appealing. Commentary Read Ecclesiastes 4:1-3 Verse 1-3 — It grieved Solomon to see might prevail against right. 11 Again, if two lie together, they keep warm, but how can one keep warm alone? 1. This too is vanity (futility, false pride) and chasing after the wind. Ecclesiastes 4:7 Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary: In Ecclesiastes 4 and 5 the Preacher wants to talk to us about the following subjects: Oppression; Work; Companionship; Wisdom; God; Riches; Enjoying life; And really – what more is there to life? troubles from envy. Outline of Ecclesiastes 4 Miseries from oppression. Ecclesiastes; or the Preacher Commentary by A. R. FAUSSET CHAPTER 4 Ecc 4:1-16. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. (Verse 4-6.) This literary device makes comparisons by using the term “better.” He first uses “better” in verse 3, then again in verse 6, and finally in verse 9 as he reaches the section's conclusion. Ecclesiastes 4 Commentary, this commentary provides a free-flowing commentary on the entire text of each biblical book, along with background material. Study Ecclesiastes 4 using Wesley’s Explanatory Notes to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. King Solomon was famous because of his wisdom (1 Kings 4:29-34; 10:6, 24). 4:13 "poor" This Hebrew term (BDB 587) is found only four times in Ecclesiastes (cf. Than an old and foolish king who will be admonished no more. But the willing servants of the Lord Jesus, our King, rejoice in him alone, and they will love Him more and more to all eternity. Oppression of the poor by the affluent (Proverbs 22:16). the changes of royalty. They were with the second youth who stands in his place. Ecclesiastes 4:9. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS. The questions contain minimal human commentary, but instead urge students to study to understand Scripture. 4. It is commonly understood that the third cord is God Himself, and that a relationship intertwined with God is a threefold cord that is not quickly broken. So, in these chapters we get a good cross-section of issues of life and how to approach them. The book contains philosophical speeches by a character called ' (the) Qoheleth' (="the Teacher"), composed probably between 5th to 2nd century BCE. The temptation which the oppressed feel to discontent and impatience, Ecclesiastes 4:1-3. Education Details: Ecclesiastes A2 Classic Bible Study Guide 3 Ecclesiastes 1:1-18 Solomon had dived into nature's depths (1 Kings 4:33), and he had it, more of it perhaps than ever any man had. a. Verses 7-8 Frequently, the more men have, the more they would have; and on this they are so intent, that they get no enjoyment from what they have. If one individual and another individual make a twofold cord, the threefold cord must have an additional element that we can infer to be God Almighty. On the side of their oppressors there was power, and there was no one to comfort them. troubles from envy. Commentary on Ecclesiastes 4: 4-6 Solomon realizes the sources of problems of those who do good, and includes all those who work diligently and whose efforts are crowned with success. (9-12) the changes of royalty. Ecclesiastes 4:3 Commentaries: But better off than both of them is the one who has never existed, who has never seen the evil activity that is done under the sun. Ecclesiastes 4:5 The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. The words of the Preacher: The Book of Ecclesiastes is one of the most unusual and perhaps most difficult to understand books of the Bible. power--MAURER, not so well, "violence." Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. Verses 13-16 People are never long easy and satisfied; they are fond of changes. Ecclesiastes 3:1-5:20. He appears to have disgustedly turned his attention from the corrupted halls of justice to the marketplace, watching and analyzing as people worked. Ecclesiastes 4:10-12. on StudyLight.org The book contains philosophical speeches by a character called '(the) Qoheleth' (="the Teacher"), composed probably between 5th to 2nd century BCE. Ecclesiastes 4:12 provides us with an example of a peculiarity of Hebrew writing that is seen in a number of places in the Old Testament. Keith Simons. Promises made to God have serious implications. Each of us must walk in the light we have. Verses 4-6 Solomon notices the sources of trouble peculiar to well-doers, and includes all who labour with diligence, and whose efforts are crowned with success. Commentaries on Ecclesiastes. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. Peshitta, Targum, and Talmud attribute the authorship of the book to King Solomon. David Guzik commentary on Ecclesiastes 1, where the author questions whether or not God matters, ... “Ecclesiastes does not pretend to preach the Gospel. 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